Here are some frequently asked questions on Skate Knowledge.
1: What's better? Quad Or Inline?
This all depends upon you preference. Neither Inline nor Quad skates a better than each other. It is even difficult to Say which one is easier to learn. It all depends on what the Skater likes!
2: What's the difference between Indoor and Outdoor skates?
The only real difference is the wheels, which are softer for Outdoor skates. The softer wheels outdoors will help you grip better to outside terrains and provide a better rebound for skating on uneven surfaces. Generally speaking, an outdoor wheel would be considered anything under 90A.
3: What does the hardness number mean?
The Hardness (or Durometer) of a wheel is measured on a scale of a number and then an A. For example: 96A.That's the standard hardness for a quad speed skate wheel.The higher the number, the harder the wheel. The lower the number, the softer the wheel.For outdoor use, you will want a wheel that is below 90A.For indoor use you will want a wheel from 90A up to 103A.
4: How many wheels do I get?
For roller skates, quad wheels, unless otherwise noted, are sold as a set of 8 wheels. For inline skates, inline wheels, are sold by the wheel.
5: Does wheel size affect speed?
Yes, it does. Generally speaking, the larger the wheel is, the more roll you will get for the least amount of effort. So, you will be able to cover more surface area with the larger wheel with less effort and you will go faster and have a smoother ride.
6:Why do my inline wheels have holes in them?
Top end wheels for jam skating, inline speed skating or track skating are made from a material called POLY BD. This specific material has exceptional grip while providing excellent rebound yet remains stiff enough to deliver a quality roll. The POLY BD also has a very high viscosity which means it pours very slowly when cast and as it cures, tiny air bubbles are caught inside the wheels. These tiny air bubbles show up as holes in the wheel when the running surface is trimmed, as well as, when the wheels wear down and more holes come to the surface.
Do not worry about the holes, these bubbles do not affect the performance of the wheels and in fact, they prove that the material is truly POLY BD which enhances the performance of the wheels on skating surfaces. Just enjoy it!
7: What does ABEC mean?
ABEC stands for Annular Bearing Engineers' Committee. It is NOT a brand of bearing. This committee works to determine the standards for bearings for the Anti-Friction Bearing Manufacturers Association (AFBMA). The ABEC scale classifies different accuracy and tolerance ranges for bearings. There are five ratings in the ABEC scale. ABEC 1 ABEC 3 ABEC 5 ABEC 7 ABEC 9The ABEC rating of a bearing is determined by the following (for a 608 size bearing):How close the bore is to 8mm in microns How close the outer diameter is to 22 in microns How close the width is to 7mm in microns The rotating accuracy in microns
Does ABEC affect the speed of your skates?
No. Not unless you are skating at 330 mph. That's based on a 608 bearing limiting speed of 32,000 rpm. Only in extremely high speed applications like ultra high speed motors and precision measuring instruments can bearings above ABEC 1 affect performance. Regardless of how fast you plan to go, speed is affected first and foremost by the choice of lubricant.
If we're going to talk about tolerances, the fit of your wheels and axles have a much greater effect on performance than ABEC rating. Wheels and axles for inline skates have extremely loose fits that allow you to press the bearings into the wheel by hand. This masks the benefits of a higher precision bearing by allowing it to slip on the axle or in the wheel. Slippage between the mating parts results in energy loss. Lost energy is lost speed.
8: What does 7mm and 8mm mean?
Those refer to the inner diameter of the bearing and the size of the axle it's going on. Most skates use 8mm (or large) axles so you will need standard 608 size 8mm bearings to go on them.
9: Should I get a high top or low top boot?
It's up to you! Neither one is "better" than the other.High top boots generally offer more ankle support, so if you have weak ankles that may be right for you.Low top boots are more popular and allow you to move your ankle more freely and it will also not be as hot on your foot.The low top boots are generally considered speed boots.
10: What is the difference between Double Action and Single Action?
A Double Action Plate has two cushions the kingpin is usually at a 10 degree angle.It is used for all types of skating.
A Single Action Plate has one cushion and the kingpin is set at a 45 degree angle.This is made only in metal plates and is much heavier than the newer nylon plates.They are only used for quad speed skating.
11: Is a metal plate better than nylon?
This depends on what the skater prefers, but generally Nylon skates are slightly better. Most nylon and metal plates have double action trucks, Nylon is slightly lighter. Most of the weight in a pair of skate is in the wheels, bearings and trucks. Nylon over metal plates will only have a slight difference in the weight of the skates. Choose what is best for you.
12: How do I take care of the blades?
First and most importantly, dry your blades. Any time you are done skating get the steel as dry as you can with a towel and put them in terrycloth blade guards. This is the only way you should ever store your skates, in terrycloth. Terrycloth guards will wick the moisture away from the steel.
Plastic blade covers are for walking in, not storage. Any moisture left on the blade gets trapped by plastic guards further promoting rust. While these are highly recommended for walking in, they should never be used for storing skates.
Once blades start to rust, there is often no stopping it until the steel resembles dirty, metallic Swiss cheese. No matter how many times you sharpen a blade penetrated by rust, it will be rusty. This gives the blades a much slower glide. The rust actually sticks to the ice until it gets good and wet. If you do get rust on your blades, you will need to have them sharpened and the sides of the blades stoned as soon as you can. If you catch it quickly, sometimes you can grind it off before it gets too deep in the blades.
Keep your steel tight on hockey skates, but don't over tighten it. Almost all types of hockey carriers are prone to stripping out if over-tightened. As a general rule on TUUKs, TUUK Light speeds, and Graf Cobras, tighten the blade until you feel it seat and then no more than one turn more. If the screw turns inside the carrier, you will need to replace the entire holder. CCM Externos and Pro-lites, and Easton carriers are not prone to this problem, however the screws will break if over tightened. TUUK light speeds will stay together better if you put a drop of lock tite on the nut (make sure to use removable lock tight or you will never get it back off.
13: How do I maintain my boots and wheels?
Skates are a big investment and should be maintained well to increase the life of your skates. The best way to ensure a long lasting skate is choosing a skate that is the correct fit. Misfit boots are the # 1 cause of premature boot break down. The second cause is not taking good care of your skates. Leather skates need to be kept dry. After skating, allow the skates to air dry before storing them. Over time, sweat (bacteria) will deteriorate leather (protein) regardless of what you do, so allowing leather skates to dry & conditioning them help the boots longevity. Use a leather conditioner every 3 months to keep the leather from drying out and cracking. Rotate wheels that are beginning to wear and replace wheels that are at the end of their life. Before each skating, inspect your skates and replace or repair anything needed to avoid injury or skate malfunction.
14: What should I wear for figure skating?
Proper Skating Clothes Make Better Figure Skaters. Dressing properly for skating helps most figure skaters skate better. This short article gives information on how to dress for figure skating.
Look Nice and Neat: To dress properly for figure skating, a skater must look nice and neat. Don't come to the rink looking messy or sloppy.Female Figure Skating Attire: It is best for female figure skaters to wear skating dresses and figure skating tights.Male Figure Skating Attire: Special figure skating pants should be worn by male skaters. Stay Warm: Gloves and a nice sweater can be worn for practice.Stay Away From Baggy Clothes: Don't wear baggy clothes. Loose fitting clothing just doesn't work for figure skating. Hair: Hair should be pulled back and be away from the face. Girls can put their hair in a ponytail or a bun. Decorations in the hair add a nice touch. Color of Skates: Boys should wear black skates and girls should wear white or tan colored skates.Boot Covers: Boot covers or over the boot figure skating tights are optional.
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